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The Price of Victory The Price of Victory
The first two paragraphs from General Marshall's Biennial Report concentrate on the number of casualties counted from December 7, 1941 up to June 30, 1945 (keep in mind that this immediate estimate would have to be adjusted as time advanced and more men would continue to die of the wounds inflicted during earlier periods of the war).

The last two paragraphs in the report concern the remarkably low amount of non-battle deaths suffered by the U.S. military during the course of the war. General Marshall attributed this fact to the broad immunization program that was enacted on all fronts by the army medical corps.

Click here to read a news report on the American military casualties that were amassed from 1941 up to November, 1944.

Demobilizing the  American Army of World War TwoDemobilizing the American Army of World War Two
The demobilization of 7,730,000 U.S. military personnel must have been a daunting task, but the policy makers in Washington knew well the dangers of that new world and they had no intention of completely demobilizing as they had done after the First World War. General Marshall remarked in these short paragraphs that many men would be needed for occupation duty.

More about General Marshall can be read here.

To read further about the demobilized military, click here

Assessing U.S. Army ManagementAssessing U.S. Army Management
As he looked back on all that the U.S. military was able to accomplish during the last two years of World War Two, General George Marshall was full of praise for the War Department's General Staff; however, it was management of these "three major commands" that impressed him time and again:

*the collective efforts of the American Air Forces,

*the Army Ground Command and

*the Service Forces.

Over One Million Medals for Bravery Were Awarded <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)Over One Million Medals for Bravery Were Awarded
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
For those of you out there who collect facts about American World War II medals, here is an article from the early post-war period involving the amount of gallantry medals that were awarded throughout the course of the U.S. involvement to U.S. Army personnel. Keep in mind that this is an immediate assessment from the fall of 1945 and that the Army would continue to distribute the decorations to the deserving G.I.s for many more years to come. The article discusses the amount of Medals of Honor that were awarded and the percentage of that number that were posthumously awarded. The number of Purple Hearts that were distributed is a topic that is not touched upon here.

Read what the U.S. Army psychologists had to say about courage.

Manpower Balance <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)Manpower Balance
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
General Marshall recalled the decisions made concerning how many American men would be drafted and in what branches of service they would be needed. He recalled the number of divisions each Allied nation raised and how many divisions the Germans and Japanese put in the field. The article also remembers that two thirds of the German Army was deployed along the Eastern front and he wondered what might the Americans have done had Germany defeated the Reds.

"It is remarkable how exactly the mobilization plan fitted the requirements for victory. When Admiral Doenitz surrendered the German Government, every American division was in operational theaters."

American Advantages During World War II <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)American Advantages During World War II
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
General Marshall listed a number of clear advantages that the American G.I. had over his German and Japanese counterpart: the M-1 Garand semi-automatic rifle, the jeep and the two-and-a-half ton truck ("Deuce and a half"):

"It is interesting to trace the planning and decisions that gave us the Garand rifle and the tremendous small arms fire-power that went with it, noting especially that the War Department was strenuously opposed."

Another German Advantage <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)Another German Advantage
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
General Marshall's post-war report remarked on one clear advantage that the German Army was privileged to exploit again and again throughout the war:

"The German ammunition was charged with smokeless, flashless powder which in both night and day fighting helped the enemy tremendously in concealing his fire positions."

A German Advantage in the War <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)A German Advantage in the War
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
The Chief of Staff's 1945 report concerning the U.S. Army's progress and set-backs during the course of the war mentioned one element:

"in which the German Army held an advantage almost to the end of the war. The first was the triple-threat 88-mm [field gun] which our troops first encountered in North Africa..."

General Marshall on the Atomic Bomb <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)General Marshall on the Atomic Bomb
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
"The tremendous military advantage of this terrifying weapon fell to us through a combination of good luck, good management and prodigious effort. The harnessing of atomic power should give Americans confidence in their destiny..."

Click here to read more magazine articles about the Atomic Bomb.

Click here to read one of the fist opinion pieces condemning the use of the Atomic Bomb.

Marshall's Strategic Concept <br />(Yank Magazine, 1945)Marshall's Strategic Concept
(Yank Magazine, 1945)
An excerpt from General Marshall's introductory essay to his 1945 Biennial Report for U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson concerning the progress and general status of the American Army through the period beginning on July 31, 1943 through June 30, 1945.

Click here if you would like to read an article about 1940s fabric rationing and the home front fashions.

General George C. Marshall <br />(American Magazine, 1940)General George C. Marshall
(American Magazine, 1940)
A brief 1940 profile of the man President Roosevelt preferred over 33 other generals of higher grade for the job of Chief of Staff of the Army: General George C. Marshall:

"His most spectacular military feat occurred during the [First] World War, when, as operations chief of the First Army, he moved 500,000 men and 2,700 pieces of artillery from one battlefield to another without a hitch and without letting the enemy get wind of what he was doing."

Victory is Assured <br />(PM Tabloid, 1943)Victory is Assured
(PM Tabloid, 1943)
While speaking at the 141st anniversary of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Chief of Staff General George Marshall gave a great big shout out to three American generals. Pointing out that all of them were graduates of West Point (as he was) the general could not help but conclude that the Axis didn't have a chance.
He was One of a Kind <br />(Collier's Magazine, 1943)He was One of a Kind
(Collier's Magazine, 1943)
Here is an article by George Creel (1876 - 1953) regarding the life and career of General George Marshall (1880 - 1959) and all the unique elements within him that made him an ideal Chief of Staff for his time:

"He can not only talk with civilians in their own language, but he can also see things from the civilian point of view. Even during the years when Congress denied adequate appropriations for the Army, no one ever heard him snarl at rotten politicians. He saw the unwillingness to prepare for war as a democracy's hatred of war, and even while regretting it, he understood."

Click here to read about the Marshall Plan.